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Dispute Resolution Timetable for a civil claim

Dispute Resolution - Our experts respond

What is the typical procedure and timetable for a civil claim?

The timeline for an ordinary civil claim is as follows:

  • filing the complaint;

  • answer to complaint: to be filed within 10 days after service of the order of admission of complaint;

  • filing of evidence: takes place 15 days after the term for responding to the complaint, and has to be filed within the following five days;

  • counter-evidence: has to be filed within three days after filing of evidence term;

  • objections to evidence: has to be filed within three days after filing of counter-evidence term;

  • taking of evidence: the court may set a calendar of up to 30 days. The order for taking of evidence may take an estimated one to two years or more;

  • closing statements: filed within five days after the conclusion of the taking of evidence stage;

  • decision: one to three years or more;

  • appeal: to be taken three days after service, filed within the five following days; one to two years; and

  • cassation: two to three years or more.

PATTON, MORENO & ASVAT - Key contacts Dispute Resolution in Panama

Ebrahim Asvat ( | Khatiya Asvat ( | Joaquin De Obarrio (

PATTON MORENO & ASVAT, the experienced legal guidance you can trust.

An extract of the Dispute Resolution Guide 2021, originally published by Getting the Deal Through / Lexology


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